Since 2005, the Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics (CCJCSS) has collected police-reported crime statistics through the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCRS). The UCRS collects data on the number of criminal incidents substantiated by police, the clearance status of those
incidents, and information on persons who are charged. Based on these statistics, CCJCSS produces an annual report on police-reported hate crimes in Canada.

In this context, police-reported hate crimes are defined as follows: “a criminal violation against a person or property motivated by hatred, based on race, national or ethnic origin, language, colour, religion, sex, age, mental or physical disability, sexual orientation or gender identity or expression, or any other similar

The category of hate crimes based on (perceived) sexual orientation does not include crimes targeting the transgender population, as those are collected under the category of sex or gender.

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